10 Tips for Choosing the Right Pelvic Floor Exercises

By vicky684 Wednesday 24th of July 2024

Pelvic floor exercises are crucial for maintaining and improving the health of the pelvic region. These exercises strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, which support the bladder, bowel, and uterus. Choosing the right exercises is essential to ensure you get the most benefit without causing harm. This article provides ten tips for selecting the appropriate pelvic floor exercises, ensuring you can maintain a healthy and strong pelvic floor.

1. Understand Your Pelvic Floor

Why It Matters

Before starting any exercise routine, it’s essential to understand the anatomy and function of your pelvic floor. The pelvic floor is a group of muscles that stretch like a hammock from the pubic bone to the tailbone. These muscles support the bladder, bowel, and, in women, the uterus. They also play a crucial role in urinary and fecal continence.

How to Learn More

Consult reputable sources such as medical websites, books on pelvic health, or professionals like physiotherapists. Understanding the structure and function of your pelvic floor will help you choose exercises that target the right muscles effectively.

2. Assess Your Current Pelvic Floor Health


Before selecting pelvic floor exercises, assess your current pelvic health. Signs of a weak pelvic floor include urinary incontinence, a frequent need to urinate, and a feeling of heaviness in the pelvic area. Conversely, a hypertonic (overly tight) pelvic floor can cause pain and difficulty with bladder and bowel movements.

Professional Assessment

Consider visiting a healthcare professional for a thorough assessment. Physiotherapists specializing in pelvic health can provide personalized advice and help you understand whether your pelvic floor muscles are weak, hypertonic, or functioning normally.

3. Start with Basic Exercises

The Importance of Basics

For beginners, starting with basic pelvic floor exercises is crucial. These foundational exercises help you become aware of your pelvic floor muscles and how to engage them correctly.

Basic Exercises

Kegel exercises are a great starting point. To perform Kegels, squeeze the muscles you would use to stop urination, hold for a few seconds, and then release. Aim for sets of ten repetitions, three times a day. Another basic exercise is the bridge, which strengthens both the pelvic floor and gluteal muscles. Lie on your back with your knees bent, lift your hips, and hold for a few seconds before lowering them.

4. Gradually Increase Intensity

Why Gradual Progression Is Key

Like any muscle group, the pelvic floor muscles need progressive overload to strengthen. However, increasing intensity too quickly can cause injury or exacerbate existing issues.

How to Progress

Once you’re comfortable with basic exercises, gradually increase the intensity by holding contractions longer or incorporating resistance, such as using a pelvic floor trainer. Adding more repetitions and sets over time can also help you progress safely.

5. Incorporate a Variety of Exercises

Benefits of Diversity

Incorporating a variety of exercises ensures that all the muscles of the pelvic floor are targeted. Different exercises can help improve strength, endurance, and coordination.

Examples of Varied Exercises

Besides Kegels and bridges, consider adding squats, lunges, and core exercises like planks to your routine. These exercises engage the pelvic floor in different ways, providing comprehensive strengthening. Yoga poses such as the happy baby and child's pose can also be beneficial.

6. Focus on Proper Form

Why Form Matters

Performing exercises with proper form is crucial to avoid injury and ensure effectiveness. Poor form can lead to compensatory movements, reducing the effectiveness of the exercise.

Tips for Maintaining Form

When performing pelvic floor exercises, focus on engaging the right muscles. Avoid holding your breath or using your abdominal muscles excessively. It may be helpful to exercise in front of a mirror or with the guidance of a physiotherapist to ensure correct form.

7. Avoid Overexertion

Risks of Overexertion

Overexerting the pelvic floor muscles can lead to fatigue, pain, and potential damage. It's essential to balance exercise with adequate rest and recovery.

Signs of Overexertion

If you experience pain, increased urinary or fecal incontinence, or a feeling of heaviness in the pelvic area after exercising, you may be overexerting your pelvic floor muscles. Reduce the intensity or frequency of your exercises and allow time for recovery.

8. Use Technology and Tools Wisely

Helpful Devices

Several devices and apps can help you track and improve your pelvic floor exercises. Biofeedback devices, for example, provide real-time information about muscle activity, helping you engage the right muscles effectively.

Caution with Technology

While technology can be helpful, it’s essential to use these tools correctly. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and consult a healthcare professional if you’re unsure about using a device. Over-reliance on technology without understanding the basics of pelvic floor exercises can be counterproductive.

9. Customize Your Routine

Individual Differences

Everyone’s pelvic floor muscles are different, and factors such as age, childbirth, and medical history can influence the best exercise routine for you. A one-size-fits-all approach is not effective for pelvic floor exercises.

Personalized Plan

Work with a healthcare professional to develop a customized exercise plan tailored to your specific needs. This plan should consider your current pelvic health, fitness level, and personal goals. Adjust your routine as needed based on feedback from your body and your healthcare provider.

10. Stay Consistent and Patient

Importance of Consistency

Consistency is key to seeing improvements in pelvic floor strength. Regular exercise, combined with a healthy lifestyle, can lead to significant benefits over time.

Patience and Realistic Expectations

Building pelvic floor strength takes time, and it’s essential to set realistic expectations. Don’t get discouraged if you don’t see immediate results. Stay committed to your routine, and celebrate small progress along the way.


Choosing the right pelvic floor exercises is a personalized and gradual process that requires understanding your body, starting with the basics, and progressing safely. By incorporating a variety of exercises, focusing on proper form, and staying consistent, you can achieve a stronger and healthier pelvic floor. Remember, it's always best to seek professional advice to tailor a routine that suits your specific needs and ensures the best outcomes for your pelvic health.

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